A strain in cannabis refers to a specific variety with unique genetic makeup and attributes, often bred for certain traits. Strains fall under three primary types: Cannabis indica, Cannabis sativa, and Cannabis ruderalis, but most are hybrids combining traits from these types.
What is a strain?
A cannabis strain is a genetically distinct type of plant. Each strain exhibits unique characteristics such as appearance, growth habits, chemical composition, and effects when consumed, determined by the specific combination of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
Why are strains significant?
Strains dictate the effects of cannabis, from relaxation to euphoria or relief from medical conditions. They also inform cultivation as different strains require various growing conditions. Strains allow customization of the cannabis experience to suit individual needs and preferences.
Indicas and sativas strains
Yes, Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa are often referred to as strains but more accurately, they are species of the Cannabis genus. Indica strains are typically associated with relaxing effects, and sativa strains with uplifting effects. However, with the prevalence of hybrid strains, these distinctions are less definitive.